Excision Of Pilonidal Sinus / Cyst: What you should know?

Pilonidal sinus or cyst is a small hole in the skin formed around a hair follicle between the buttocks which most of the time do not have any symptoms and is treated only if it is infected. Generally, a pilonidal sinus is known only after the infection cyst if formed that causes pain and swelling with a pus-filled cyst.

Excision of Pilonidal Sinus / Cyst:

Excision of Pilonidal Sinus/cyst is a procedure that is performed by the doctor by making a small incision/cut and draining out the cyst. A doctor will remove the whole cyst and the part of the skin around the infection to clear the infection completely. A pilonidal sinus without infection is normally not recommended for treatment, as they do not consist of infection. In such cases, a watch and wait approach is recommended to confirm if it in future become infectious. Excision of Pilonidal Sinus/cyst will be recommended for an infection pilonidal sinus based on the size of the sinus/cyst, the symptoms and whether it is your first sinus or a recurring problem. If this is your first pilonidal sinus and it is minor, your doctor will likely recommend an incision procedure as a treatment. And, if it the recurrent pilonidal cyst, a number of treatment options are recommended based on your health condition and sinus.

Causes of pilonidal sinus:

There are no exact causes for pilonidal sinus. But a few skin problem, pressure and friction of hair between the buttocks being pushed inwards may cause infection. This can also be because of the hair growing or loose hair shed around the buttocks entering the pilonidal sinus causes infection.

Who is more affected by Pilonidal Sinus/cyst?

The most affected with Pilonidal Sinus/cyst are men as they have more hair growth on the body. Other than that those who sit for long periods can also increase the chances of getting a pilonidal sinus/cyst. Risks of excision of Pilonidal cyst:
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Longer time for healing
  • Chances of recurrent pilonidal cyst.