Abnormal Pap Smears
Heavy, Irregular or Painful Periods
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Prolapse of Pelvic Organs
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Urinary Tract Infections
Uterine or vaginal infections
Ovarian Masses: What you should know?
What is an ovary?You might be familiar with the term ovaries. It is one of the most important organs in the female reproductive system. It is an almond-shaped ductless gland that produces female reproductive cells. There are two ovaries located at the pelvic region, at both sides of the uterus in a female body. The ovaries release hormones that are responsible for managing the menstrual cycle. It also releases a matured egg every month to get fertilised with the sperm.
What is an Ovarian Mass?Ovarian mass is also called as pelvic mass or adnexal mass. It can be defined as growth of tissues in the uterus, fallopian tube or the ovaries itself. It is formed as small sacs filled with fluid. The ovarian masses are mostly of non-cancerous nature, and will go away with menstrual periods for most people. However, it can increase the risk of ovarian cancer if it gets settled there for a long time.
Symptoms of Ovarian MassIn some patients, there will be no symptoms of ovarian mass; while others many experience certain discomforts. The symptoms of ovarian mass include:
- Swelling in the abdomen
- Fullness or heaviness in the abdomen
- Pain in the abdominal/pelvic area
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Irregular/heavy/painful periods
- Pain during urination/bowel movements
- Tenderness in breast
- Tendency to urinate frequently
- Nausea or vomiting
- Intense/severe/sharp pain in the lower abdomen suddenly
- Fever, with abdominal pain and vomiting
- Fatigue, dizziness, increase in heart beat, fainting etc.
Types of Ovarian MassOvarian mass can be of different types namely polycystic ovary, endometriomas, cystadenomas, and dermoid cysts.
- Polycystic ovary: Small cyst like formation inside the ovaries
- Endometriomas: Abnormal tissue growth outside the uterus which may get attached to the ovaries
- Cystadenomas: It forms outside the ovaries and are benign
- Dermoid: It forms like a sac inside the ovaries and will be filled with fat tissues