Infertility, being the most common problem in both men and women is caused due to many different factors. A couple is considered as infertile when they have been trying for a year to become pregnant and are unsuccessful in doing so. When your female partner is over 35 years of age, the time period is reduced to six months.
Fertility problems can be treated by making certain changes in your regular lifestyle and by having a healthy balanced diet. The cause of Infertility is different in both men and women.
Risk of Infertility in Men
The lifestyle a man follows can have a direct impact on the sperm quality and quantity. There are different factors that can lead to production of poor quality of sperm in less quantity. The most common factors are:
Excess tobacco use
Men who smoke have low sperm count when compared to non-smokers. Secondary smoke also has a negative effect on fertility.
Excess alcohol consumption
Drinking excess alcohol can lower testosterone levels in your body and cause erectile dysfunction thus, decreases sperm production. Alcohol addiction also leads to liver diseases that may lead to fertility problems.
Illicit drug use
When you take more amounts of anabolic steroids to stimulate your muscle strength, eventually it leads to testicle shrinkage and decrease sperm production. Using cocaine or marijuana can temporarily reduce the quality and quantity of sperm.
Obesity / Underweight
Obesity result in hormonal imbalance in your body and also impact the sperm themselves. Obesity mainly impairs infertility in different ways by hampering the quality of sperm.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) history
Sexually transmitted disease in either of the partner can increase the risk of infertility.
Regular overheating of testicles
Elevated temperature has a negative impact on sperm production and its quality. Regular and frequent use of saunas or hot tubs can reduce the sperm count to maximum extent. Sitting for longer periods and wearing tight clothing can increase the temperature in your scrotum and thus, reduces the sperm count.
Toxin exposure at work place?
Exposure to harmful toxins like benzenes, toluene, xylene, organic solvents and pesticides can lead to low sperm count. Low sperm count due to chemical exposure can lead to infertility in most cases.
Exposure to radiations affects the sperm count. Exposure to radiation for a longer time can reduce the sperm production permanently and cause infertility.
Risk of Infertility in Women
Maximum number of Female Infertility cases is caused due to ovulation problems and tubal blockages. The common risk factors for female infertility include:
Women who are above 30 years of age generally produce less eggs and in few cases the egg production is completely stopped that can lead to infertility. As the women becomes older the quality and quantity of eggs begins to decline. In late 30s poorer quality eggs are produced that increase the risk of miscarriage and can also lead to infertility.
Heavy drinking results in ovulation disorder and in few cases can result in endometriosis.
Smoking damages the cervix and fallopian tubes thus, increase the risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy.
Being overweight or underweight can affect the normal ovulation process. A normal healthy body mass index results in increased ovulation frequency.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia and gonorrhoea generally results in fallopian tube damage and can increase the risk of infertility.
For male infertility problems you can consult the male infertility specialist in Madhapur for treatment. For female infertility issues, you can consult the best gynaecologist in Hyderabad. Dr. Vandana Hegde is the best gynaecologist in Kondapur and Gachibowli. Get your fertility issues diagnosed in the initial stages to avoid complications that can lead to infertility.