Hysteroscopy is a diagnostic procedure that helps in examining and viewing inside the uterus to diagnose and treat abnormal bleeding and Infertility problems. A hysteroscope is used in this procedure that is a thin lighted tube which is inserted into the vagina for examining cervix. Hysteroscopy can either be a diagnostic or an operative procedure.
The uterus problems can be diagnosed with the help of diagnostic hysteroscopy. It is also used to confirm the results of other diagnostic tests. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is usually used to confirm the results of hysterosalpingography (HSG).
Operative hysteroscopy is used to treat and correct the abnormal conditions monitored during diagnostic hysteroscopy. The instruments used for treatment are inserted through hysteroscope. Operative hysteroscopy is generally used to treat the uterine problems.
The most common uterine problems include:
Polyps and fibroids
Operative hysteroscopy is used to remove the non cancerous growth of cells in uterus. These non cancerous cells are referred to as polyps and Fibroids.
Hysteroscopy is used to identify the cause of heavy bleeding or lengthy menstrual flow. In few cases it is also used to examine the abnormal bleeding after menopause. Hysteroscope is used along with other instruments in endometrial ablation. Endometrial ablation is a procedure used to destroy the uterine lining to treat the heavy bleeding.
Hysteroscope is used to examine the malformation of the uterus. Malformation of uterus is generally present in patients by birth.
Uterine adhesion is also called as asherman’s syndrome. Uterine adhesion is nothing but a band of scar tissues that are formed in the uterus. These scar tissue bands can lead to changes in menstrual flow and can cause infertility in severe cases. Hysteroscopy is used both in locating and removing the uterine adhesions.
Benefits of Hysteroscopy
Hysteroscopy is a very common procedure used to detect uterine problems. Hysteroscopy is mainly used to treat infertility caused due to uterine dysfunctions. The uterine dysfunction generally leads to infertility. Proper diagnosis and operative hysteroscopy can assist in successfully treating infertility. The most common advantages of hysteroscopy are:
- Shorter hospital stay
- Speed recovery
- Less medication after surgery
- Helps in avoiding open abdominal surge
- Helps in avoiding Hysterectomy
Hysteroscopy is generally scheduled in the first week after the menstrual period. The sedatives are given to relax before the commencement of procedure.
- The anaesthesia is given and the hysteroscopy is carried out in the following order:
- The cervix is dilated to assist the insertion of hysteroscope in your body.
- After dilation the hysteroscope is inserted through vagina and cervix into the uterus.
- To expand the uterus a liquid solution or carbon dioxide gas is inserted through a hysteroscope. The gas or liquid used helps in clearing away the blood or mucus blocking the view of affected area.
- The light coming through the hysteroscope helps in viewing the uterus and the opening of the fallopian tube in the uterine cavity.
- In case of operative surgery, small instruments are inserted through the hysteroscope into the uterus.
To perform this technique you need to consult the best gynecologist who is efficient in performing this method successfully. Dr. Vandana Hegde is one of the successful Gynaecologist in Hyderabad who is specialised in dealing with infertility problems. Dr. Vandana Hegde is the best gynaecologist in Madhapur to treat infertility problems. People consult her from the neighbouring areas like Kukatpally, Gachibowli and Hitech city.