Hypothyroidism is a condition that is characterized by abnormally low thyroid hormone production in your body. Fluctuations in thyroid hormone levels have an effect on the growth, development and other cellular processes in your body.
Thyroid gland utilized iodine from the diet you consume to produce thyroid hormones. The two most thyroid hormones are thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). The percentage of thyroid hormones present in your blood varies as thyroxine accounts for 99% and tri-iodothyronine for about 1%.
Tri-iodothyronine (T3) is the hormone with increased biological activity. After releasing in to the blood, a large amount of T4 hormone is converted into T3 as T3 affects the metabolism of cells.
The most common symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
- Weight gain
- Cold intolerance
- Excessive sleepiness
- Dry hair
- Muscle cramp
- High cholesterol levels
- Swelling of legs
Hypothyroidism is a very common disease condition. 3-5% of the population has some form of hypothyroidism and is common in both men and women. The common causes of hypothyroidism include:
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
- Lymphocytic thyroiditis
- Thyroid destruction
- Iodine deficiency
Hypothyroidism treatment requires a life- long therapy. In the olden days desiccated thyroid tablets were used to treat hypothyroidism before the discovery of levothyroxine (T4). Thyroid gland in animals produce desiccated thyroid.
Currently in the present scenario the T4 is widely available and thus desiccated thyroid extract are not used which are obtained from animals.
Compared to adults, children require larger doses of T4. Thyroid replacement therapy is done to cure patients from hypothyroidism. T4 replacement is generally done in the morning, 30 minutes before eating and other medications that contain iron or antacids needs to be avoided as they interfere with the hormone absorption.
Hypothyroidism therapy is monitored regularly at approximately about six week’s intervals until stable. During this therapy the TSH levels are checked in your body to determine the amount of thyroid replacement given to you.
Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy
During Pregnancy thyroid gland produces an inadequate amount of thyroid hormone in few cases that leads to delay in development of the child. Treatment of hypothyroidism is required before or during pregnancy for most of the patients.
During pregnancy the thyroid levels needs to be checked regularly to avoid complications. If thyroid levels are not controlled it can affect the baby. The babies born to hypothyroidism women have low IQ levels and impaired psychomotor development.
Hypothyroidism and Infertility
Hypothyroidism and Infertility are interlinked as low levels of thyroid hormone effects the release of eggs from the ovary. Hypothyroidism is also related to certain autoimmune disorders that also have a negative effect on fertility. Treating hypothyroidism also results in improving fertility in maximum number of cases.
If you are suffering with hypothyroidism, you can consult gynaecologist in Hyderabad. Dr. Vandana Hegde is the best gynaecologist in Hyderabad. The gynaecologist in Dilsukhnagar is known to treat the hypothyroidism cases efficiently at competitive rates.