Infertility is a condition when the person is unable to conceive and achieve a healthy pregnancy. Infertility can also be considered as the biological inability of either of the partner to contribute to conception or when the female partner is unable to carry pregnancy for a full term.
Ovaries are the female reproductive organs located in your lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. Ovaries are responsible for production of sex hormones like estrogen, progesterone and eggs. Sometimes, a fluid filled sac develops on one of the ovaries and is referred as a cyst.
Estrogen and testosterone are two sex hormones that are present in both men and women. Estrogen is generally referred as female hormone whereas, testosterone is considered as male hormone. Low testosterone is a common issue in men and men experiencing low testosterone have elevated levels of estrogen hormone.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome also called as PCOS is a condition where hormonal imbalance is observed in your body. During PCOS in women, the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. Hormonal imbalance generally results in growth of masses of cells on the ovaries. These benign masses of cells on the ovaries are called cysts.
Endometriosis is a condition in which the inner tissue lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus and can cause severe pain and discomfort. These endometrial tissues breaks open and bleed when present in uterus.
Infertility, being the most common problem in both men and women is caused due to many different factors. A couple is considered as infertile when they have been trying for a year to become pregnant and are unsuccessful in doing so. When your female partner is over 35 years of age, the time period is reduced to six months.
Hypothyroidism is a condition that is characterized by abnormally low thyroid hormone production in your body. Fluctuations in thyroid hormone levels have an effect on the growth, development and other cellular processes in your body.
Gynaecological laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical method that helps in looking inside the pelvic area. Laparoscopy is preferred when compared to open surgery. In open surgeries large incisions are made whereas, in laparoscopy small incisions help in visualizing the pelvic area.
Hysteroscopy is a diagnostic procedure that helps in examining and viewing inside the uterus to diagnose and treat abnormal bleeding and infertility problems. A hysteroscope is used in this procedure that is a thin lighted tube which is inserted into the vagina for examining cervix. Hysteroscopy can either be a diagnostic or an operative procedure.
Infertility is a general term used for the couples who has been trying to conceive without success. In such cases the couple needs to go for infertility treatments after diagnosis the root cause of the condition. There are different factors that are responsible for infertility in both men and women. Couple experiencing the following conditions are at high risk of infertility: