Endometriosis is a condition in which the inner tissue lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus and can cause severe pain and discomfort. These endometrial tissues break open and bleed when present in the uterus.
Endometriosis tissue can be present in any part of the body and can bleed wherever present. The blood and tissues that get accumulated develop into a cyst or scar tissue. Scar tissues can cause the organs to bind together.
Endometriosis patients show visible symptoms. The most common symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Pain during menstrual periods
- Lower abdominal pain before or during menstruation
- Abdominal cramps
- Heavy bleeding
- Pain during sexual intercourse
How does Endometriosis Affect pregnancy?
Endometriosis will affect the Pregnancy only in two cases. First when the endometriosis affects the ovaries and the next when it affects the fallopian tubes. An egg must travel from the ovary and fallopian tube for the process of fertilization before getting implanted into the uterine lining.
If the endometrial tissue is present in the fallopian tube it can prevent the egg from traveling to the uterus. Endometriosis can damage a woman’s egg and man’s sperm in the uterus. It also leads to inflammation in the body. Thus, endometriosis can cause infertility if left untreated.
Pregnant women with endometriosis are at high risk of the following health conditions:
- Premature delivery
- Placenta complications
- Caesarean delivery
In most of the cases, endometriosis surgery is not required as the woman can conceive and even deliver a healthy baby. In few cases, endometriosis surgery is required when you are unable to conceive. The common endometriosis treatments include:
Endometriosis can lead to severe pain in most of the cases. Pain medications are generally required for endometriosis as they are effective in relieving pain to a maximum extent.
Your doctors might prescribe you supplemental hormones that can relieve your pain caused due to endometriosis. Hormonal therapy also helps in regulating the monthly changes in your body.
Hormonal contraceptives can prevent the growth of endometrial tissues present in the uterus or fallopian tubes. Birth control pills can reduce and eliminate the pain caused due to severe endometriosis.
Conservative surgery or endometriosis surgery is for women who want to become pregnant. The main aim of endometriosis surgery is to completely remove the endometrial tissues surgically from the body without damaging any organ. Laparoscopy can be used as a minimally invasive surgery to remove endometrial tissues from the body.
Hysterectomy is considered as the last resort for treatment of endometrial tissue. During the hysterectomy, uterus and cervix are removed to prevent the continuous formation of endometrial tissues in the uterus.
If you are suffering from endometriosis and willing to become pregnant, you must consult the gynecologist in Hyderabad for treatment. Dr. Vandana Hegde is the best gynecologist in Hyderabad for treating fertility issues. You can also consult the gynecologist in Dilsukhnagar for endometriosis surgery.