Factors Causing Female Infertility

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Factors Causing Female Infertility

Female infertility cases are common and 50% of the infertility cases are due to female Infertility. One third of the infertility cases accounts for female infertility. There are different factors that are responsible for female infertility.

Causes of  Female Infertility

1.Ovulation Problem

The most common problem for female infertility is due to ovulation disorders. Around 70% of the ovulation disorder cases are treated with medication. The main cause of failed ovulation can be classified as follows

Hormonal Problems

Hormonal problems are one of the common factors that stop the ovulation. The ovulation process mainly depends on the balance of hormones and their interactions. Hormonal problem can be due to:

Mature egg production failure

In maximum number of cases the ovaries failed to produce a mature egg. Mature egg production is must for ovulation process. Polycystic ovarian syndrome also leads to hormonal changes in the body.

Hypothalamus malfunctions

The central part of the brain is called hypothalamus and this portion is responsible for sending signals to the pituitary glands. Pituitary gland in turn releases FSH and LH to the ovaries. FSH and LH start the egg maturation.In cases where the hypothalamus is not functioning properly it will not trigger this process and results in immature egg release from the ovaries.

Pituitary gland malfunction

Pituitary gland is responsible for releasing FSH and LH. The ovaries will not be able to ovulate properly in such cases. Pituitary malfunction occur due to chemical imbalance, tumour or any physical injury.

Scarred ovaries

Any physical damage or disturbance caused to the ovaries results in failed ovulation. Repeated surgeries can cause damage to the ovaries. When the ovaries are scarred the follicles cannot be produced and thus ovulation does not occur.

Follicle problem

Women generally produce a normal follicle along with egg every month. When the follicle fails to rupture, the egg remains inside the ovary. Proper ovulation does not occur when there are problems in the follicle

2. Poor fallopian tube function

Infertility can be due to fallopian tubule dysfunctions. 25% of the infertility cases are due to poor functioning of fallopian tube Fallopian tube dysfunctions ranges from mild to chronic and in severe cases it causes complete blockage. The main cause of fallopian tube damage includes:


Sexually transmitted diseases generally cause inflammation and cause scarring and damage to the fallopian tube. Bacteria and viruses both can lead to infections.

Abdominal diseases

The most common abdominal diseases are appendicitis and colitis that cause inflammation of the abdominal cavity. Inflammation of the abdominal cavity affects the fallopian tube leading to scarring and blockage of the tube.


Past surgeries can cause fallopian tube damage. Pelvic or abdominal surgery cause adhesion and make it difficult for the egg to travel through the tube.  

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a condition where the pregnancy is seen in the tube itself and can cause fallopian tube damage. Fallopian tube damage due to ectopic pregnancy is a life threatening condition.

Congenital defect

In very rare cases women are born with tubal abnormalities that can create problem in the later stages to conceive. Congenital defects can be mild to chronic depending on the abnormality.

3. Endometriosis

Around 10 % of the infertile couples have endometriosis. 30-40% patients with endometriosis are infertile.  Women with endometriosis have less chances of pregnancy. The excessive growth of lining of uterus is referred to as endometriosis. Excess growth of cells is seen in uterus lining along with fallopian tubes, ovaries and pelvic peritoneum.

Gynaecologist in Hyderabad for Female Infertility

All these factors that are causing infertility can be treated by Gynaecologists. Dr. Vandana Hegde is the best gynaecologist in Hyderabad. Dr. Vandana Hegde is an efficient and successful Gynaecologist in Madhapur. People facing any of the above factors and are suspected to suffer with infertility should contact our infertility clinic. People staying in nearby areas like hi tech city, kondapur, Gachibowli and kukkatpally can also consult the Gynaecologist in Madhapur to avoid complications.

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