Infertility is a common problem reported among women. Female infertility is a condition where the woman is not able to conceive due to gynaecological problems. To diagnose infertility, you need to first consult the doctor and both the partners have to go through few basic tests like physical examination and scans.
Diagnosis of female infertility :
After the confirmation of infertility issue in female partner, the complete tests can be done to diagnose the root cause of the disease. The fertility test used for female infertility includes:
- Ovulation Testing
Ovulation tests can be done at home with the help of ovulation prediction kit. This test helps in detecting the surge of luteinizing hormone that occurs in your body before ovulation. There are 2 hormones that are present before and after the ovulation in your body.
If the test is negative at home then you need to go for a diagnostic blood test for progesterone. Progesterone is a hormone that is generally produced after the ovulation in your body. Monitoring of these hormonal levels in your body can help your doctor to understand whether you are ovulating or not.
Hysterosalpinography is a test in which the X-ray contrast is injected in your uterus to capture the X-ray images. These X-ray images are used to determine the uterine cavity functions and whether or not the fluid is getting released from the uterus and spilling out of your fallopian tube.
In case of any abnormality in the uterine cavity, further diagnostic evaluations are required. Hysterosalpinography is not only used for diagnostic purpose but, can also improve the fertility by flushing the liquid out and opening up the fallopian tubes.
- Ovarian reserve testing
Ovarian reserve testing is a specific diagnostic test that is mainly use to check the quality and quantity of eggs that are available for ovulation. Women who are older than 35 or who are having depleted egg supply are generally advised to go for this test. Apart from Ovarian reserve testing, they need to go different blood and imaging tests.
- Hormone testing
Hormone testing helps in checking the levels of ovulating hormones along with thyroid and pituitary hormones. These hormonal levels control the reproductive process in women.
- Imaging test
In rare cases hysteroscopy is required to diagnose the uterine or fallopian tube diseases.
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that is done to examine your fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. A small incision is made through your navel for inserting the laparoscope. Laparoscope helps the doctors in visualizing and diagnosing the conditions like Endometriosis, scarring, blockages and irregularities of fallopian tube. Laparoscopy can also be used as a treatment for infertility.
- Genetic testing
Genetic testing is mainly used to identify the generic defects that can lead to female infertility.
Fertility treatments are mainly done after the complete diagnosis. Women infertility issues need to be dealt by gynaecologists. If you are facing any infertility problem, you can consult the best gynaecologist in Hyderabad. Dr.Vandana Hegde is the best gynaecologist in Kondapur known for her expertise in female infertility treatment.
Hegde hospital has the best gynaecologist in Kukatpally who are skilled and experienced to perform gynaecological treatments and can also suggest the diagnostic treatments required.