Delivery: What you should know?

What is delivery?

To put it in simple words, delivery is the process of giving birth to a baby. It is also called childbirth, labour, or partus. It marks the end of the Pregnancy or the gestation period, which is around 40 weeks on a normal scale. Birth between 37 weeks to 42 weeks of gestation period is considered to be normal.

The experience of delivering the baby varies from woman to woman. Some may experience an easy delivery without any complications while others may go through labour pain that lasts for hours. There is no way to predict how your delivery experience will be until you pass through it. You can read here the stages of the labour until your baby is born.

As you know, there are two types by which the birth of the baby occurs after pregnancy; Vaginal Delivery and Cesarean Delivery.

Vaginal Delivery

Vaginal delivery is the natural way of giving birth to the baby. It is difficult to predict the exact time of delivery, but your doctor can give you hint about the due date. There are three stages of development in vaginal delivery. You can read here the stages of giving birth through vaginal delivery.

Early phase: The early phase is the longest among the stages of delivery and can last from hours to days. The cervix will dilate resulting in mild contractions in this phase. You may experience pink or light red vaginal discharges. It will turn into active labour, in which the cervix dilates up to 10 cm. You will experience intense abdominal or back pain, as the contractions become strong and frequent.

Birth of baby: Once the cervix is open, the doctor will ask you to push with maximum strength. You may feel fatigued and weakened due to the pain and continuous struggle of pushing. Slowly the baby’s head crowns, followed by the body. You may experience intense pain in the vaginal and abdominal area all the while.

Delivery of placenta: Once the baby is out, you will deliver the placenta, which is the final stage of delivery.

Cesarean Delivery

Your doctor may advise you for a cesarean delivery if the vaginal delivery may put your health or baby’s health at risk. Sometimes, emergency cesarean surgery is done due to sudden complications during the delivery. In the cesarean delivery, the doctor takes out the baby through a surgical incision in the abdomen and uterus. After the baby, the doctor removes the placenta and closes the incision using stitches. You will be under anaesthesia during the process.

Complications during delivery

There are several delivery related complications that may arise during the labour. It includes foetal distress, breech position, placental abruption, placental previa, umbilical cord prolapse and many more. It is always safe to stay under medical supervision while you go through pregnancy and labour. Your doctor will monitor your health statistics as well as the baby’s growth during the course of pregnancy, to anticipate any complications that may happen during the delivery.