Blastocyst culture is a process used in Infertility Treatment at Hegde infertility. The process involves fertilization of egg and sperm retrieved during the IVF treatment. The collected egg and sperm are fertilized under adequate nutrient supply and hormone levels to form an embryo. The developing embryo that has two cell types and a centre blastocoels cavity filled with fluid. At this stage a developing embryo is referred to as blastocyst. This stage is achieved within 5-7 days from fertilization.
The blastocyst culture procedure helps to increase the rates of the pregnancy and also decrease the chances of multiple pregnancies. In conventional IVF treatment after the fertilization the embryo is transferred within one to two days into the uterus. In blastocyst culture the embryo is allowed to develop for 5-7 days in the infertility lab. This facilitates the Fertility Specialist to choose the best quality embryo for the implantation. This process increases the success rate of the IVF treatment and leads to the growth of a healthy fetus.
This method is used in woman aging from 20 to 30 years and increases the success rate by 80 %. The chances for loss of pregnancy or miscarriage are only by 5 to 10 %.
The Blastocyst transfer is recommended for patients who have following medical conditions:
- Continuous miscarriage after the IVF treatment
- Patients who want to avoid multiple pregnancies
- Blastocyst culture is beneficial for patients who develop large number of eggs. This is because all the eggs do not possess the capacity to form embryos. And as the time progresses the number of eggs having this capacity also decreases.
The main requirements of an infertility treatment are to provide high quality embryo transfer for implantation. In in-vitro fertilization and embryo culture this goal is achieved and increases the success rate of the infertility treatment. In rare cases under typical IVF culture setting, only about 25 to 60% of embryos develop to the blastocyst stage after 5 days of culture. This can be due to two main reasons. One can be low levels of optimal conditions required for the growth of the embryo or due to unhealthy egg or sperm that participated in the fertilization process. Now recent development in blastocyst culture enables the infertility specialist to provide adequate requirements that aids in the growth of the embryo to the blastocyst stage and transfer the blastocyst to the uterine cavity.
The advantages of having blastocyst culture are that normally the embryos remain in the fallopian tubes and get released into the uterus after about 80 hours from ovulation. After blastocyst formation it gets implanted in the uterine cavity. In blastocyst culture, the healthy and viable blastocyst is transferred directly thereby increasing the chances for pregnancy. The transfer of in vitro blastocyst is performed just before the time of actual invasion and implantation.
It is important to consult with an infertility specialist from Hegde Fertility about whether blastocyst culture and transfer is for you. To learn more about blastocyst transfer or Cost of IVF treatment contact us.